ARVO is organized into 13 Scientific Sections, which are described below. Members must select one section with which their research interests most closely identify. Each section is represented on the Board of Trustees and the Annual Meeting Program Committee.
Anatomy and Pathology/Oncology (AP)
Anatomy Sub-section includes descriptive or experimental studies about the gross and surgical anatomy, ultrastructure, organization, and development of the tissues, visual pathways, vasculature and refractive error of the eye, and the mechanisms mediating them. Anatomical research that deals exclusively with the cornea or lens is generally identified with those sections.
Pathology/Oncology Sub-section relates to pathogenesis, morphological, immunohistochemical and genetic features of both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases affecting the eye, ocular adnexa and visual pathways, including their response to treatment. Studies involving biobanking, microscopy, biochemistry, physiology and other fundamental science methodologies are appropriate. Concerning neoplastic diseases, this comprises the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of any ocular, orbital, ocular adnexal or visual pathway tumor and related metastases. This would include animal, cellular, genetic and molecular biology, and experimental studies involving other basic science, translational and clinical methodologies.
Biochemistry/Molecular Biology (BI)
Section encompasses biochemistry, molecular biology, molecular genetics, biophysics, and bioinformatics studies on ocular tissue or vision-related brain structures. Mechanistic studies of disease or therapies are appropriate.
Clinical/Epidemiologic Research (CL)
Section covers research using epidemiologic and biostatistical methodology on ophthalmologic disorders and vision. Emphasis is on controlled studies providing a better understanding of the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of diseases affecting vision, and their prevalence, incidence, and impact on patients and society, including health services research and quality of life.
Section covers both clinical and basic research concerned with the cornea, conjunctiva, the tear system, and corneal refractive surgery.
Eye Movements/Strabismus/Amblyopia/Neuro-ophthalmology (EY)
Section covers three areas: 1) The nature, control, and development of eye movements, ocular alignment, and alignment-related stereopsis; 2) The nature, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of strabismus, amblyopia and other disorders of eye movements, fusion and stereopsis; 3) The neuro-ophthalmology of the visual sensory and oculomotor systems, including the orbit and adnexa.
Section encompasses basic and clinical research related to glaucoma in normal or glaucomatous eyes.
Section focuses upon basic and clinical research about ocular infections; inflammation and other immunologic reactions induced by infectious agents; and non-infectious immunological disorders that involve ocular or adnexal tissue.
Section encompasses basic and clinical studies that include varied aspects of the anatomy, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, developmental biology, epidemiology, and genetics of the ocular lens in normal or pathological states.
Section covers three areas of research: 1) systemic tissue cellular and molecular physiology and pharmacology; 2) ocular pathophysiology and disease; 3) pharmacological mechanisms including drug delivery/disposition and related bioengineering.
Section is concerned with basic and clinical studies, using a variety of techniques that augment our understanding or improve the treatment of retinal diseases. Any topic pertaining to the vitreous, retina, or choroid is applicable, if it has a clinical emphasis.
Retinal Cell Biology (RC)
Section deals with basic and preclinical studies of the structure, composition, and function of the retina, retinal pigment epithelium and their associated extracellular matrices from the molecular through the tissue level of organization. Studies include a variety of topics such as membrane composition, photoreceptor outer segment renewal, neurotransmitter systems, retinal blood vessels, glia, transport, neuronal circuitry, development, growth factors, transplantation, stem cells, and models of retinal degeneration.
Visual Neuroscience (VN)
Section deals with research on the neural mechanisms, structural organization, and function of the visual system, including the retina and central visual pathways of vertebrate and invertebrate species. Topics include synaptic processes, neurotransmitter systems, cellular organization, phototransduction, circadian rhythms, light responses and encoding of visual information in healthy, developing, and diseased visual pathways.
Visual Psychophysics/Physiological Optics (VI)
Section deals with basic research in visual function and optics. The emphasis is on the analysis of visual processing by psychophysical, computational, physiological and imaging techniques. Optical studies include properties of the lens and eye including aberrations, their correction, accommodation, presbyopia, and refractive error and its correction. Other topics include spatial and temporal processing sensitivity, adaptation, learning, and attentional processing of basic and higher perceptual processes; low vision; and visual development throughout the life span.